ABKC粗犷护卫型美国斗牛犬标准

The “Bully” American Bulldog Standard



The American Bulldog has a history that is traced back to 1121 BC and some would argue even thousands of years before that. We won’t get into every aspect of our history dating to 1121 BC… We will focus on what the modern American Bulldog is and what it represents.

美国斗牛犬的历史可以追溯到公元前1121年,有人甚至认为在公元前几千年。我们不去涉及以往历史中美国斗牛犬的零总点滴,而只关注现代美国斗牛犬的来龙去脉。

The modern American Bulldogs ended up in the South Eastern part of the United States, including Georgia and it’s surrounding states. The majority of them came with early English settlers between 1732 and 1736. This is where the story of the modern American Bulldog begins…

现代美国斗牛犬起源于美国东南部一带,包括乔治亚及周边各州。他们大多在1732至1736年间随早期的英国移民来到这里,从此翻开了现代美国斗牛犬新的一页。

The general purpose of the modern American Bulldog was to serve as a farm utility dog. A dog that had enough grit and athleticism to deal with the likes of wild boars, out of control livestock or trespassers. A dog whose temperament allowed it to become part of the family it was bred to protect. Used as an “estate dog” or a “farm utility dog” the modern American Bulldog was to exemplify these valued traits. The modern American Bulldog was to be visual and physical deterrent for any wrong doers with improper intentions.

现代美国斗牛犬在当时是作为一种农场多用型犬种存在的。拥有足够的勇气和体魄来对付像野猪、失控的牲畜或者任何来犯之敌;它的性情确保它能够融入养育它并需要它去守护的家庭,成为这个家庭中的一员;现代美国斗牛犬充分体现了它作为“资产守卫犬”或“农场多用型犬” 的优秀特质,对于任何不法之徒具有足够的视觉冲击力和外表震慑力。

The beginning of the modern American Bulldog as a breed began around the 1950’s when John D. Johnson began to collect Bulldogs from around the GA area to breed, sell and advertise as the American “Pit” Bulldog. Later in 1985, he would drop the “Pit” from the name so as not to be confused with it’s cousin the American Pit Bull Terrier. The original standard was written by John D. Johnson on a paper napkin decades ago.

现代美国斗牛犬成为一个正式犬种始于1950年代,此时约翰·D·约翰逊在佐治亚州一带收集一些斗牛犬用于繁殖和出售,并以美国比特斗牛犬之名做宣传。后来在1985年,他删除了其中“比特”一词,以区别于它的表亲美国比特斗牛梗。原标准文字由约翰·D·约翰逊在几十年前记录于餐巾纸上。

Through the years as other American Bulldog registries have emerged .. the standards have been changed little by little. In our humble opinion, we feel that the standard still does not correctly reflect the vast majority of the “Bully Type” American Bulldogs. We are one of the only breeds that have allowed 2 standards for one breed. The argument has been that we are a working breed and we shouldn’t have a “type”.. Without a “type” how do we call ourselves a breed? There are many “working breeds”… but any registered breed has a “look/type”.. Why should we be any different?

历经多年,由于其它一些美国斗牛犬注册机构的出现,这些标准也被一点一点地修改了。以我们之拙见,它仍不能正确反映绝大多数“粗犷型”美国斗牛犬。 “粗犷型”美国斗牛犬只是唯一允许有两个标准存在的同一犬种当中的一个。不同观点认为,它是一个工作型犬种,不应该划分“类型”。 然而没有“类型”,我们又如何称之为一个品种? 有许多"工作型犬种",而任何注册的犬种都有一个“样式/类型”,难道美国斗牛犬会有什么不同吗?

The “Bully” movement is less then a decade old (as of 2006)… the dogs are changing based on what people are breeding/buying.And the thing about it is, that even in the beginning…when a few “bully” dogs would pop up from here and there… none would fit the standard as it was written. We have created a standard that represents dogs that are found in every bully enthusiasts yard and appreciate them as such… Accordingly, the standard for the “Bully” American Bulldog is as follows.

“粗犷型”热潮兴起不足十年(自2006年起),犬种在不断改变以适应人们的饲养和购买需求。事情向来如此,最初出现的那些“粗犷型”斗牛犬,没有一只能够符合当时的标准。

我们制定了一个标准,用以表现每一个粗犷型犬迷的爱犬,并以此作为评价标准。因此,“粗犷型”美国斗牛犬的标准制定如下:

General appearance
The Bully American Bulldogs is a short haired, heavy muscled dog. A well bred Bully American Bulldog should have a compact sturdy frame. They should exude strength, health and function. The males are more masculine in appearance then the females.

外观

短被毛,肌肉异常发达;育成良好的粗犷型美国斗牛犬应该拥有一个结实紧凑的身体结构,浑身透出力量、健康和活力;在外观上公犬较母犬更加雄壮高大。

Temperament
American Bulldogs should be alert, outgoing and confident. Aloofness with strangers is acceptable.  An American Bulldog may show dominance/assertiveness towards other dogs, however dogs may be dismissed at the judge’s discretion for disrupting their class. A dog showing weak nerves or showing to be overly aggressive will be excused from the confirmation ring. Dismissal is at the Judge’s discretion ONLY!

气质

美国斗牛犬应该是警惕、外向和自信的。对陌生人冷漠是可以接受的;对其它狗做出支配和自信的举动,或许会被裁判视为犯规而取消资格;表现懦弱或过于自信均为失格。取消资格与否,完全由裁判酌情把握!

Size
Males should range between 20″ and 24″ at the withers and weigh between 80 and 125 pounds. Females should range between 18″ and 22″ at the withers and weigh between 60 and 100 pounds

尺寸

公犬肩高范围 20~24英寸,体重范围 80~125磅;母犬肩高 18~22英寸,体重 60~100磅。

Head
The head should be broad and blocky with muscular and a well pronounced stop.

头版

头版应宽阔、粗短、肌肉突出、额断分明。

Muzzle
A heavy broad muzzle with wide open nostrils. The muzzle should resemble a tunnel, slightly tapering towards the nose. The chin should also be broad, and never overlap or cover the upper lip. The muzzle should be 25% to 35% of the overall length of head.

吻部

厚重而宽阔、鼻孔完全张开;吻部应该像一个烟囱,沿鼻子的方向逐渐收细;下巴也同样应该宽阔,而且不会部分或完全覆盖上唇;长度应占到整个头部的25%到35%。

Nose
Black or liver are accepted. Full pigmentation preferred.

鼻子

黑色或肝色是可以接受的,完全着色为首选。

Bite
Teeth should be medium to large in size, and not visible when the mouth is closed. Pigment on the lips should be full. They should be undershot but not severely. 1/4 to 1/2 inch depending on the size of the head. A wry mouth is a disqualification.

咬合

牙齿尺寸应中等偏大,不张口时看不到;嘴唇着色充分;下凸咬合但不严重,允许范围为1/4~1/2英寸,取决于头部的尺寸大小。口歪斜为失格。

Eyes
The eyes should be almond to round in shape. Lack of pigment or non-symmetrical eyes are faults. Crossed eyes are a disqualification.

眼睛

眼睛形状呈杏仁至圆形;缺乏色素或两眼不对称是缺陷;内斜视眼(对眼)为失格。

Coat
The coat should be short with sheen. Skin must be in good condition, free of flaking and sores.

皮毛

被毛应短而有光泽;皮肤必须状态良好,无脱落、疮等溃烂处。

Ears
The ears should be set evenly on the top skull and with a medium to small proportion to the head.

双耳应对称分布于头顶,占头部比例中偏小。

Neck
The neck should be thick and muscular slightly tapering from the head to the shoulder.

颈部

颈部应粗壮且肌肉发达,由头部至肩膀逐渐变粗。

Body
The body should maintain compact proportions with heavy muscle. Square and powerful in appearance.

躯干

躯干应保持肌肉强壮的紧凑结构,外表看上去强健并且棱角分明。

Chest
The chest should be wide and deep. The front legs to are to set on the outer edge of the chest, yet maintaining an athletic non-bowed appearance. The shoulders should remain tight in the socket. Loose shoulders, elbows or narrow chests are a fault.

胸部

胸部应宽、深;两条前腿长在胸部外缘,矫健而挺拔;肩部应紧扣于肩窝;肩、肘部松垮或胸窄均被视为缺陷。

Top line
The top line should be even. Sway and severe roach backs are faults. The rear end should not be excessively higher then the front.

背线

背线应平缓,脊柱前凸及严重的拱状背被视为缺陷。臀部不应过分高过腰部。

Backs
The backs should be short to medium. Long backs are a fault.

背部

背部长短适中,脊背过长被视为缺陷。

Hindquarters
The hindquarters should be thick, well muscled and properly angulated. Cow hocks, straight stifles, sickle hocks, are faults.

后躯

 

后躯应该厚实、肌肉发达并适度成角;牛跗、镰刀跗、后膝僵直等,为缺


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